marți, 19 aprilie 2016

Lamborghini Miura P400 S by Bertone 1971 - World Of Classic Cars -

Lamborghini Miura P400 S by Bertone 1971

To many, the introduction of the Lamborghini Miura heralded the birth of the “supercar” as we know it. Prior to its introduction in 1966, there were of course many cars that offered incredible levels of performance and exclusivity to the privileged few, but there were none like the Miura. It offered a thrilling combination of not only performance and tremendous speed but also design and technical innovation that were meant to shock and awe, as well as a price tag to match.
Its Bertone bodywork was penned by Marcello Gandini, and the development team included two brilliant engineers that were privileged enough to work on the Miura at the start of their long careers, Gian Paolo Dallara and Paolo Stanzani. Additionally, the Miura’s chassis was carefully tuned to provide excellent handling and control the Miura’s horsepower, which came at the hands of Bob Wallace, whose name would become inextricably linked with the brand from Sant’Agata Bolognese. Its mid-engined layout revolutionised the industry, and whilst the Miura was the only performance car of its kind in production, other manufacturers, including Ferrari, would quickly follow suit to remain competitive against this talented upstart.
Lamborghini Miura P400 S by Bertone 1971

Nineteen sixty-eight heralded the introduction of an updated Miura: the P400 S. This model retained the same gorgeous Bertone design penned by Marcello Gandini and featured the ongoing updates that were applied over the course of the production run of the original Miura P400.
Visually, what differentiated the P400 S from the P400 were bare-metal headlight bezels and its chrome-plated exterior window trim, as well as the addition of an “S” badge to the rear. Inside, the P400 S benefitted from higher-quality interior trim throughout and a revised instrument layout with power windows. Adding to interior comfort was air conditioning, which was made available in later models. Similarly subtle changes followed for the drivetrain, which resulted in 20 more horsepower being coaxed from the Miura’s 4.0-litre V-12, bringing total output to 370 horsepower.
Lamborghini Miura P400 S by Bertone 1971

This was possible thanks to the installation of higher-lift camshafts with revised timing and the utilisation of four Weber 40IDL-3L carburettors. Additionally, the Miura’s splined driveshaft system was replaced with constant velocity joints. For the suspension, the Armstrong shocks were replaced by Koni shock absorbers.
Just like its predecessor, the P400 S’ performance was astounding. Road & Track tested a new P400 S Miura for their April 1970 issue and clocked a 5.5-second 0–60 mph time, as well as a top speed of 168 mph, whilst a later test by Autocar magazine that August cited a top speed of 172 mph.
Lamborghini Miura P400 S by Bertone 1971

The Miura presented here, bearing chassis number 4827, was one of the last fifteen examples of its kind produced, with a factory completion date of 28 December 1970. This is one of the final examples of its kind, as it has benefitted from numerous upgrades that were incorporated into the P400 S production run, such as a reinforced chassis and ventilated disc brakes, which replaced the solid disc brakes, as they had a tendency to fade under spirited driving. Following its completion, it was delivered to its first Belgium owner, through dealer Socaria, on 11 January 1971. In 1980, it was purchased by another enthusiast in Belgium, who retained the car for the following 22 years. At that time, the car was offered for sale in France, where it was finished in its current colour combination of yellow over black.
Lamborghini Miura P400 S by Bertone 1971

When the car was purchased by an Italian enthusiast in 2004, it was well-preserved and had been rarely used. Its current owner purchased the car in 2012, and under his custody, it has been maintained in exemplary condition. During his ownership, it received another coat of yellow paint and its original Nero leather interior had been refreshed. At the time of refreshing, all the body panel numbers were confirmed as matching and original to chassis 4827. Mechanically, the carburettors, brakes, and suspension have all been refurbished to ensure that they are functioning properly.
Lamborghini Miura P400 S by Bertone 1971

Within the history of sports cars, it can be argued that there are few vehicles more significant than the Lamborghini Miura. The Miura set the industry standard for years to come for both performance and design, and it single-handedly started the supercar industry, which it continues to reign over today as the king of all performance cars. Equally impressive is the fact that throughout its seven-year lifespan, Lamborghini was able to constantly improve the car over time so that it would remain competitive in the marketplace.